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Fighter / Attack:
   Bell P-39 Airacobra
   Bell P-63 Kingcobra
   Brewster Buffalo
   Chance-Vought F-4U Corsair
   Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
   Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
   Douglas A-1 Skyraider
   Douglas A-26 Invader
   Douglas SBD Dauntless
   Fairey Firefly
   Focke-Wulf Fw 190
   Grumman F4F Wildcat
   Grumman F6F Hellcat
   Grumman F7F Tigercat
   Grumman F8F Bearcat
   Grumman TBF Avenger
   Hawker Hurricane
   Hawker Sea Fury
   Lockheed P-38 Lightning
   Messerschmitt Bf-109
   Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen
   North American P-51 Mustang

   Polikarpov I-16
   Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
   Supermarine Spitfire
   Yakovlev Yak-3
   Yakovlev Yak-9

Beechcraft AT-11 Kansan (C-45)
   Beechcraft T-34 Mentor
   Boeing / Stearman PT-17

   Commonwealth CA-25 Winjeel
   Commonwealth CA-1 Wirraway
   DeHavilland DHC-1 Chipmunk
   DeHavilland DH-82 Tiger Moth
   Fairchild PT-19 Cornell
   Hunting / Percival Provost
   Meyers OTW
   Nanchang CJ-6
   Naval Aircraft Factory N3N
   N. Am. BT-9 / BT-14 / Yale
   N. Am. T-6 Texan / SNJ / Harvard
   N. American T-28 Trojan

   Piaggio P149
   Ryan PT-22 Recruit

   Scottish Aviation T1 Bulldog
   Vultee BT-13 Valiant
   Yakovlev Yak-11
   Yakovlev Yak-18
   Yakovlev Yak-52

   Avro Lancaster
   Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
   Boeing B-29 Superfortress
   Bristol Blenheim / Bolingbroke
   Consolidated B-24 Liberator
   Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer

   Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
   DeHavilland Mosquito
   Fairey Swordfish
   Heinkel He-111 / Casa 2.111

   Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon / Ventura
   Martin B-26 Marauder
   North American B-25 Mitchell

   Beechcraft C-45 (AT-11)

   Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter (KC-97)
   Curtiss C-46 Commando
   Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota
   Douglas C-54 Skymaster

   Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar
   Fairchild C-123 Provider
   Grumman C-1 Trader (S-2)
   Lockheed C-60 Lodestar
   Lockheed C-69 Constellation

Utility / Observation / Special Duty:
   Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper
   Aeronca L-16 Grasshopper
   Antonov AN-2 Colt
   Auster AOP 6/9
   Avro 652 Anson
   Avro Shackleton
   British Taylorcraft I-V
   Cessna L-19 / O-1 Bird Dog
   Cessna O-2 Super Skymaster
   Cessna T-50 / UC-78 Bobcat
   Consolidated PBY Catalina

   DeHavilland U-6A / L-20 Beaver
   Fairey Gannet
   Fairey Swordfish
   Fieseler Fi156 Storch
   Grumman S-2 Tracker (C-1)
   Grumman HU-16 Albatross
   Grumman OV-1 Mohawk
   Junkers Ju 52/3m

   Lockheed P2V Neptune
   Max Holste M.H.1521 Broussard
   Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun

   Noorduyn UC-64 Norseman
   North American L-17 Navion
   N. Am./ Rockwell OV-10 Bronco
   Piper L-4 Grasshopper
   Stinson L-5 Sentinel
   Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper
   Westland Lysander

   Aero L-29 Delfin
   Aero L-39 Albatros
   Aermacchi MB-326
   Avro Vulcan
   BAC Strikemaster
   Blackburn (BAC) Buccaneer
   Canadair Tutor
   Cessna A-37 Dragonfly
   DeHavilland Vampire
   DeHavilland Venom
   English Electric Canberra
   English Electric Lightning
   Folland Gnat
   Fouga CM-170 Magister
   Gloster Meteor
   Grumman F9F Panther
   Hawker Hunter
   Hispano HA-200 Saeta
   Hunting Jet Provost
   Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
   Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star
   McDonnell-Douglas A-4 Skyhawk
   McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom
   Messerschmitt Me-262
   Mikoyan MiG-15
   Mikoyan MiG-17
   Mikoyan MiG-21
   N. Am. F-86 Sabre / FJ-4 Fury
   N. Am. F-100 Super Sabre
   N. Am. / Rockwell T-2 Buckeye
   Northrop T-38 Talon / F-5
   PZL / WSK TS-11 Iskra
   Saab J35 Draken
   Soko G-2A Galeb
   Temco Pinto & Super Pinto

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Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

(Variants/Other Names: See History below)

Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
Photo Copyright 1997 Tarek Saghir

History: In 1954, the Lockheed Company's famed designer, Kelly Johnson, created a new single-seat fighter design for use in the Korean conflict by the US Air Force. He made it small and relatively light, with a massive, powerful engine -- a combination which would make it very fast and very capable as an interceptor. The first XF-104 prototype was first flown on 7 February 1954, but nearly four years of development took place before the USAF began using the aircraft. During this time the Air Force became disinterested in fighters of the F-104's class, and they purchased less than 300 of them. However, several other allied countries, under the leadership of West Germany, decided to manufacture an improved version for themselves. Production began in no fewer than six locations, including Belgium, Canada, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands and West Germany. When production ended, 2282 additional F-104s had been built by other nations.

Major production variants included the F-104A (first production version); NF-104A (modified F-104A used for astronaut training; utilized maneuvering thrusters on wings and fuselage for control at high altitudes); F-104C (tactical and nuclear-strike version built for the USAF's Tactical Air Command); F-104G (major production variant built in several countries and utilizing a strengthened structure, more advanced avionics, and various aerodynamic improvements); RF-104G (tactical reconnaissance version); CF-104 (Canadian-built version of the F-104G with removable aerial refueling probe). Aeritalia later developed a multi-role version called the F-104S for the Italian and Turkish air forces.

In 1985, the Italian Air Force began upgrading 150 Starfighters with modern radar, improved self-protection systems and avionics, and up-to-date weapons-delivery capability. These aircraft, designated F-104S-ASAs, are still in front-line service, and are expected to remain flying until the Eurofighter replaces them in approximately 2001. At least three F-104s are now flown by private owners in the USA, and several more are under restoration.

Nicknames: Zipper; "Missile With A Man In It"; Witwenmacher "Widowmaker" (Bundesluftwaffe nickname); Flying Coffin; Ground Nail; Bullet & Blades; Badmash "Wicked One" (Pakistani nickname for F-104As), Eiko "Glory" (Japanese nickname for F-104Js), Spaghetti Starfighter (Italian nickname for F-104S-ASAs.)

Specifications (F-104G):
     Engine: One 15,600-lb thrust General Electric J79-GE-11A afterburning turbojet.
     Weight: Empty 13,990 lbs., Max Takeoff 29,030 lbs.
     Wing Span: 21ft. 9in.
     Length: 54ft. 8in.
     Height: 13ft. 5in.
          Maximum Speed at 50,000 ft: 1,145 mph (Mach 2.2)
          Ceiling: 50,000 ft.
          Range: 1,080 miles
          One 20-mm six-barreled cannon
          Two wingtip-mounted Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
          Up to 4,000 lbs. of bombs, missiles, rockets and other stores.

Number Built: Approximately 2,515

Number Still Airworthy:  At least 3 in private ownership; Unknown number in active service worldwide.

     Cavanaugh Flight Museum F-104 Page
     Federation of American Scientists (FAS) F-104 Page
     Harry's F-104 Starfighter Site
     International F-104 Society
     Last of the Dutch Starfighters
     Michigan F-104 Page -- An F-104 restoration in the USA.
     NASA Dryden F-104 Photo Collection

     "North American Eagle" -- Land speed record challenger, created from the fuselage of an F-104A.
     Norwegian F-104 Starfighter Site -- An excellent and interesting site.
     Ruminations on the F-104 -- A pilot's recollections of flying the -104.

     Wikipedia F-104 Entry

Fly the incredible F-104!
Click on the photo below for more information.




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All text and photos Copyright 2016 The Doublestar Group, unless otherwise noted.
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