82 Tiger Moth
(Variants/Other Names: Thruxton Jackaroo)
(Photo source unknown. Please contact us if you
History: The deHavilland D.H. 82 Tiger Moth
was developed from the D.H. 60M Gipsy Moth. First flown in October of 1931, the D.H. 82
faced stiff competition to become the basic trainer for Britain's Royal Air Force (RAF).
However, after the trials were held, the Tiger Moth emerged the clear winner, with 35 of
the craft being ordered.
Given that the Tiger Moth had not been the easiest to fly among the competitors,
with a degree of sloppiness and slowness in response to control inputs, one wonders
whether the design succeeded despite or because of those factors. Some have argued that
those factors highlight poor piloting technique without seriously endangering the student
pilot, a process that would enable instructors to identify and correct the fledgling
pilot's deficiencies early in a training program. In any case, the Tiger Moth to this day
exhibits the same flight characteristics of its early period.
The first model, the D.H.82, was powered by a 120hp Gipsy
III inverted inline engine, and was also sold to the air forces of Brazil, Denmark,
Persia, Portugal and Sweden. An improved model, the D.H. 82A
Tiger Moth II, was equipped with a Gipsy Major engine rated at 130hp, as well as
structural changes that included the replacement of fabric with plywood for the rear
fuselage decking, and the ability to shroud the rear cockpit for instrument flight
Prior to the outbreak of WWII, Tiger Moths were manufactured by deHavilland
Aircraft of Canada, and under license in Norway, Portugal and Sweden. During the war,
Tiger Moths were manufactured by deHavilland affiliates in Australia and New Zealand,
while a winterized version, the D.H.82C was manufactured in
Canada, with a 145hp Gipsy Major engine, revised cowling, enclosed, heated cockpits, wheel
brakes and a tail wheel instead of a skid. Another interesting variant was the four-seat Thruxton
Jackaroo, with two pairs of side-by-side seats in an enclosed cabin.
More than 8,700 Tiger Moths were eventually manufactured, with approximately 4200
going to the Royal Air Force, where it trained thousands of pilots for World War II
service, and continued to serve the post-war RAF until 1951.
Now, long after its retirement from active service, the Tiger Moth is still
actively delighting aircraft devotees in the UK, Canada, Australia and the US. Not very
long ago, as D.H. 82 time is measured, one United States aviation magazine featured two
articles, one about the Tiger Moth and its worldwide clubs, the other about an 80% scale
reproduction version of the Tiger Moth in one issue. Whatever magic there is in having the
wind whip by one's ears in an open cockpit, the deHavilland D.H. 82 Tiger Moth must have
it in abundance, if one judges by the many aviation clubs around the world still dedicated
to the aircraft.
Specifications (D.H. 82C):
Engine: One 145-hp deHavilland Gipsy Major 1C inline piston engine
Weight: Empty 1,115 lbs., Max
Takeoff 1,825 lbs.
Wing Span: 29ft. 4in.
Length: 23ft. 11in.
Height: 8ft. 10in.
Range: 275 miles
Number Built: 8,700+
Number Still Airworthy: 250+
[ Tiger Moth Photos ]
(Click for Larger)
Aviation -- Tiger Moth flight training, and scenic / aerobatic /
formation flights in Sydney, Australia.
CNAPG Tiger Moth History page
deHavilland Aircraft Association of South Africa
deHavilland Moth Club, UK
deHavilland Support Ltd.,
Duxford, UK -- Type design organization for vintage and classic
DH 82 at Colonial Flying Corps Museum,
DH Chipmunk.com --
Bob Morcom's great enthusiast's site.
Wires," Seppe Airfield, Netherlands
Lockinvar, NSW, Australia
McLean Air Scoops -- Engine air scoops
for Tiger Moth and Gypsy Major engines.
Old Mandeville Airfield, Gore, New Zealand
"On Yellow Wings: A Tiger Moth and a Summer's Day": Essay and pilot
report by Rob Kostecka.
Tiger Moth Discussion
Tiger Moth Enterprises, Ontario,
Moth Flight" -- Photo essay by Brett Green
USAF Museum DH 82
Tiger Moth Page
Virtual Aviation Museum:
DH-82 Tiger Moth illustration by Lyle Brown
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